Preparedness and Resilience to address Urban Vulnerability (PRUV)
Preparedness and Resilience to address Urban Vulnerability (PRUV)
Funded By: European Commission – Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE)
The challenge posed by urban vulnerability is immense and is being compounded by rapid unplanned urbanisation, climate change and resource pressures. The Preparedness and Resilience to address Urban Vulnerability (PRUV) Consortium aims to inform the pressing need to reshape how humanitarian action and development aid is undertaken in urban areas to address the challenge posed by urban vulnerability.Assembled within the PRUV Consortium is an exciting mix of actors with considerable experience and expertise in urban contexts that will transcend disciplines and sectors to frame a new resilience and preparedness paradigm to respond to urban challenges.
By combining legal, social, cultural, political and public health perspectives in a holistic manner, considerable purchase is added to the research around preparedness and resilience, which, while not new within the aid sector more generally, has not been focussed sufficiently on the urban context to date. The opportunities to carry out the research in test-bed sites in Africa, Asia and Latin America adds to the potentially broad utility and transferability of the findings globally.
The members of the PRUV consortium are as follows:
The programme is divided into five thematic work packages (WPs)
WP1 – Social Capital and Urban Resilience. WP Leader: Concern Worldwide
Current State of the Art: Interventions within humanitarian action have lacked sufficient understanding of the social capital of the urban populations with which they are working. Objective of WP1: To advance the state of the art by exploring the relationship between resilience and socio-economic issues across a range of societal institutions.
WP 2 – A Protection Approach to Urban Resilience. WP Leader: University of Deusto
Current State of the Art: Protection is considered a core component of humanitarian action alongside material assistance. It involves translating key norms contained in international humanitarian law and international human rights law into practical interventions to safeguard physical and psychological integrity. It has been noted that the humanitarian sector has not adequately sought to understand the particular dynamics at play in urban settings, focusing as it historically did on refugee camps and the hosting of refugees in rural areas. Objective of WP2: To advance the state of the art by addressing the theoretical and practical gaps in the protection of crisis-affected communities and vulnerable groups in urban settings in order to acquire new evidence-based knowledge to foster resilience.
WP3 – Urban Resilience and Legal Frameworks. WP Leader: Ruhr University Bochum
Current State of the Art: It is recognised that legal preparedness is essential for the timely and appropriate delivery of humanitarian assistance. However, legal frameworks concerning preparedness at the municipal level have not received the analysis they deserve, either by the NGO advocacy community or the academic community. Objective of WP3: To advance the state of the art by determining the contribution of existing legal frameworks at different levels of governance to urban resilience and how they can be improved.
WP4: A Human Security Approach to Urban Resilience. WP Leader: University of Groningen (RUG)
Current State of the Art: Amongst the functions provided by the human security concept when it was first deployed in the 1990s was to unite militarised “humanitarian intervention” with developmental approaches that sought to promote freedom from fear and freedom from want respectively. Objective of WP4: To advance the state of the art by positioning resilience within the human security paradigm.
WP5–Developing Resilience in Urban Areas using Public Health Preparedness
Current State of the Art: Public health preparedness is recognised within the academic literature as a key contributor to human resilience. In the past humanitarian actors have been criticised for placing too great an emphasis on addressing immediate public health needs and external support. It has been recognized increasingly that local public health agencies play an important role in building human resilience to climate-related disasters. Objective of WP5: To model the effectiveness of inter-sectoral public health preparedness interventions for improving household, community, and local government resilience to humanitarian crises
Conference and Events Participation
World Conference on Humanitarian Studies, Addis Ababa, March 2016
As part of the collaborative development of PRUV’s research design a number of PRUV delegates held a panel session at the 4th bi-annual IHSA conference took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 5th to 8th March 2016. The papers presented related to each PRUV work package; social capital, protection, legal frameworks, comprehensive security and public health.
The panellists engaged in a rich discussion of their emerging research designs and received useful feedback, in particular concerning the importance of power relations and gender in urban settings.
PRUV delegates attending the conference were Chris Pain (Concern Worldwide), Dr Pat Gibbons (University College Dublin), Dr Rónán McDermott (University College Dublin), Prof. Siswanto Wilopo (Gadjah Mada University), Dr. Cristina Churrucca (University of Deusto), Prof. Hans-Joachim Heintze (Ruhr University Bochum), and Prof. Joost Herman (University of Groningen). The delegates are pictured amongst the other conference attendees below.
PRUV Kick-start Seminar, Dublin, May 2016
From 16th to 18th May 2016 the PRUV consortium held its kick-start seminar at University College Dublin. It brought together researchers from across the across consortium with the goal of priming the research.
• Day 1: Overview of Urban Contexts and Work Packages
On day 1 the consortium was firstly briefed on the urban contexts in Colombia, Indonesia and Kenya in which primary research will be undertaken. This was followed by a presentation of each of the work packages by the work package leaders who proposed specific objectives to guide the research undertaken. Over the course of the 3-day seminar participants had the opportunity to reflect on and discuss these proposals. Future Analytics Consulting, which has considerable experience in engaging in H2020 projects concerning the theme of urban resilience, provided a workshop in the afternoon that introduced all actors to current debates concerning this theme.
• Day 2: Transferable Skills Training
Transferable skills training workshops were held relating to field safety and security, social network analysis and research ethics. • Day 3: Finalising the Research Projects
Study groups were formed in line with the work packages. The study groups further clarified the work packages and mapped mobility within the project.
Future Analytics Consulting workshop, Dublin, 3rd November 2016
Maria Rochford and Aoife Doyle drew on their experience in engaging in research projects related to resilience by giving an overview of the concept of resilience and facilitated a discussion among the attendees. Subsequently, a workshop was undertaken by which the participants gave an overview of their respective work packages.
Pictured at Future Analytics Consulting (l-r): Ronan McDermott (Centre for Humanitarian Action, University College Dublin), Maria Rochford (Future Analytics Consulting), Desire Mpanje (Centre for Humanitarian Action, University College Dublin), Aoife Doyle(Future Analytics Consulting), Laura Hofmann (Ruhr University Bochum), Tombak Ahmad Al-Ayubbi (Yayasan Cipta Cara Padu), Tim Huiskes (University of Groningen)
Research Design Workshops, October – November 2016
Throughout the months of October and November researchers from across the consortium have been hosted at both University College Dublin and Future Analytics Consulting to finalise the research designs of the five PRUV work packages. Researchers have shared knowledge concerning the four test-bed cities, research approaches and ways of maximising the utility of the research and innovation outputs of the project.
Pictured (right-left): Pablo Cortés Ferrández (University of Deusto), Desire Mpanje (Centre for Humanitarian Action, University College Dublin), Tombak Ahmad Al-Ayubbi (Yayasan Cipta Cara Padu), Risang Rimbatmaja (Yayasan Cipta Cara Padu)